Diagnosing Pancreatic Cysts with Cellvizio Optical Biopsy

What are Pancreatic Cysts?

Pancreatic cysts are fluid-filled sacs within your pancreas, a large organ behind the stomach that produces the hormones and enzymes that help digest food. Most pancreatic cysts are benign, but some cysts have a risk of becoming cancerous over time. Because pancreatic cancer can spread rapdily, early detection and diagnosis is vital.

Standard Methods of Diagnosing Pancreatic Cysts

Fine Needle Aspiration – FNA is the most common biopsy procedure for pancreatic cysts, and allows to obtain cells from the lesion to be analyzed under a microscope for final diagnosis. FNA is usually performed through an Endoscopic Ultrasound-guided approach (EUS). EUS is an endoscopy procedure combined with ultrasound images to view the pancreas. A needle is introduced into the pancreas using the ultrasound images guidance to collect the cells. Despite the value of this diagnostic method, many pancreatic cysts remain uncharacterized after the procedure because, and patients need to go through additional procedures to get a final diagnosis.

Cross Sectional Imaging – A CT Scan and MRI may be used to only detect a lesion. This form of diagnosis, however, cannot characterize the type of cyst. They will only show where the cyst is in the pancreas, and can help to measure its size. It is thus a preliminary form of detection, but needs to be completed with other diagnostic methods such as endoscopic ultrasound.

How is Cellvizio Different Than Other Diagnostic Methods?

Cellvizio Optical Biopsy enables physicians to visualize the wall of the cyst at the cellular level, making an early cancer diagnosis possible.

The direct benefits of Cellvizio Optical Biopsy include:

  • Ability to determine the type of cyst patients have on the spot, in particular know right after the procedure if their cyst is benign

  • Provide the physician with real-time information on the cyst type so that he can make a decision on best treatment option as early as possible, in particular:

  • Ability to start treatment early if the cysts is cancerous

  • Ability to avoid unnecessary surgery if the cyst is proven to be benign on the spot